TABLE 1

List of potential markers used to isolate different BDEs

BDE SubtypeSurface Markers Used for IsolationBDE Characterization MethodsReferences
NDEL1CAM (CD171), NCAM, SNAP-25, Synaptophysin, GluR2/3, ATP1A3, GAP43, NLGN 3NTA, TRPS, dynamic light scattering, western blot, TEM, immuno-gold labeling, flow cytometryShi et al., 2014; Goetzl et al., 2015a,b, 2018a, 2021; Sun et al., 2017, 2019a; Kuwano et al., 2018; Agliardi et al., 2019; Dagur et al., 2019; Kapogiannis et al., 2019; Pulliam et al., 2019; Wijtenburg et al., 2019; Winston et al., 2019, 2022; Zhao et al., 2019; Gu et al., 2020;
Hiramoto et al., 2020; Hornung et al., 2020; Niu et al., 2020; Nogueras-Ortiz et al., 2020; Song et al., 2020; Arioz et al., 2021; Delgado-Peraza et al., 2021; Kumar et al., 2021a, 2022, 2023; Lee et al., 2021; Nasca et al., 2021; Saeedi et al., 2021; Yao et al., 2021; Alvarez et al., 2022; Du et al., 2022a; Durur et al., 2022; Gomes and Witwer, 2022; Kluge et al., 2022; Perluigi et al., 2022; Pounders et al., 2022; Tasdelen et al., 2022; Yousif et al., 2022; Eitan et al., 2023; Meloni et al., 2023; Visconte et al., 2023; You et al., 2023
ADEGLAST (ACSA-1)NTA, western blotting, TEM, immuno-gold labeling, flow cytometryGoetzl et al., 2016b, 2018b; Winston et al., 2019, 2022; Nogueras-Ortiz et al., 2020; Delgado-Peraza et al., 2021;
Kumar et al., 2021a, 2023; Lee et al., 2021; Valle-Tamayo et al., 2022; Xie et al., 2023b
MDETMEM119, CD11bNTA, western blotting, TEM, immuno-gold labeling, flow cytometryCohn et al., 2021; Kumar et al., 2021a, 2023; Winston et al., 2022; Roseborough et al., 2023; Visconte et al., 2023
ODEMOG, PDGFRα, CNPaseNTA, western blotting, TEM, immuno-gold labeling, flow cytometryYu et al., 2020; Dutta et al., 2021; Kumar et al., 2023
PDEPDGFRβNTA, TEM, immuno-gold labeling, flow cytometryKumar et al., 2023
EDECD31, CD146NTA, TEM, immuno-gold labeling, flow cytometryElahi et al., 2018; Abner et al., 2020; Kumar et al., 2023
  • ACSA-1, astrocyte cell surface antigen-1; ATP1A3, ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit α 3; CNPase, 2,3-cyclic nucleotide-3-phosphodiesterase; GAP43, growth associated protein 43; GluR2/3, GluR2/3 subunits of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid; MOG, myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein; NLGN3, Neuroligin-3; NTA, nanoparticle tracking analysis; PDGFRα, platelet-derived growth factor α; TRPS, tunable resistive pulse sensing.